Report

Demands Analysis of PPP Market in China (2014-2017)(Chinese)

Writer: YUAN Jingfeng, WANG Miaomiao
Editor: WANG Shouqing, YANG Yongheng, CHANG Chen-Yu, ZHANG Liao, JIN Yongxiang, XIAO Guangrui
Participant: SHANG Donghao, LI Xuan, GUO Jiyue, ZHANG Lei

Development Process and Characteristics-Analysis Report of the Chinese PPP Market (1984 -2017)(Chinese)

Writer: CHENG Zhe, JI Chuang
Editor: WANG Shouqing, YANG Yongheng, CHANG Chen-Yu, ZHANG Liao, JIN Yongxiang, YUAN Jingfeng, XIAO Guangrui
Participant: SHANG Donghao, LI Xuan, GUO Jiyue, ZHANG Lei

  This report conducts an analysis of Chinese PPP development process and its main characteristics. During the past 30 years, Chinese PPP practice began from following western patterns to creating an innovative, independent path.


 Chinese PPP Development Process
This report makes a four-phase division of Chinese PPP development: pilot exploration phase (1984-2002), stable expansion phase (2003-2008), fluctuating development phase (2009-2013), and the new boom phase (the boom with new features) (2014 till Now). The temporal features are different given international economic development and domestic policy influence. To summarize: (1) Domestic enterprises, especially for the SOEs, take dominant roles with the fading competitive advantage of foreign enterprises; (2) Implementation process, contract contents and operation patterns for PPP projects gradually become mature; (3) The macro environment for PPP development has improved with an optimistic development trend.


 Characteristics of Chinese PPP Development
Chinese PPP development possesses the features of temporal fluctuation, spatial diversification and paradox of application. The project amount and investment amount experience yearly increase, yet the development encounters periodical fluctuation. Based on the statistical analysis from Bridata, the project distribution exists differences regarding regions and industries: most of PPP projects are for municipal engineering and transportation, while fewer for agriculture, forestry and social welfare industries. East and Western China have more PPP projects than that of Central and Northeast China. In general, the pattern of Chinese PPP development is influenced by various factors, ranging from institution, politics, culture, economy to other accidental factors.

 

 

 

 

Bridging the Infrastructure Gap: Global Integratuon and the ‘Belt and Road’ Initiative(English)

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The conference “Bridging the Infrastructure Gap:Global Integration and the ‘Belt and Road’ Initiative”–held in the Examination Schools, University of Oxford, on 1 July 2016 – brought together leading experts from international organisations, academia and financial institutions to discuss opportunities and challenges in cross-border infrastructure investment and international business under the ‘Belt and Road’ (BRI) Initiative. The conference consisted of four sessions, which were themed “Enhancing Policy Coordination for Global Integration and Cross-border Infrastructure Development”, “Building Cooperation Mechanisms for Infrastructure Investment and Cross-border Business (I)”, “Building Cooperation Mechanisms for Infrastructure Investment and Cross-border Business (II)”, and “Safeguarding the Sustainability of Cross-border Infrastructure for Long-term Green Growth”.

Project Preparation Facility: Enabling local governments access to private finance(English)

Writer: International Institute for Sustainable Development
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This discussion paper explains IISD's recommendation for setting up a Project Preparation Facility in Canada to enable smaller local governments to prepare bankable infrastructure project proposals.